Always plan your trip: Choose the safest route to your destination and know ahead of time what lane and when is the correct one.
Circle check: Before getting in a vehicle, walk around it to look for damage or objects blocking the car.
Slow and steady wins the race: Speeders and constant lane changers don’t get to their destination much faster than those travelling at a steady speed – and they brake more often.
MELT: This is short for Minimum Eye Lead Time. In urban areas, you should be scanning the road 12-15 seconds ahead – or about one city block. On the highway, it’s 20-30 seconds – or as far as the eye can see. Vision is a driver’s first line of defence, and it’s always better to anticipate hazards rather than react to them.
Keep your distance: Maintain a following speed of two seconds behind the car ahead on city roads, 3-4 seconds on the highway, and 4 seconds on on-ramps.
The eyes have it: Move them, every two seconds. Glance, don’t look.
Check: Rear mirror? Check. Side mirrors? Check. Every 5-8 seconds. Check them before slowing, before and after turning, while stopping, and while stopped.
Scan: All parked vehicles for occupants. There’s nothing quite like a car door opening unexpectedly.
Parking: Whenever possible, back into a parking space. Ideally, drive through one spot to park in another. The blind spot at the rear of a vehicle is larger than in front.
Wise words: “Don’t argue with trucks, they’re bigger than you.”
Road rage: “When I drive I always bring my dog with me – F.I.D.O: Forget It Drive On.”
Being tailgated? Take your foot off the gas to gradually decrease speed. The tailgater will pass.
Communicate: Cars are equipped with a horn. Use it. But be co-operative.
Blind spots: Don’t stay in another driver’s for more than three seconds.
At a red light: Wait three-four car lengths back if there is no vehicle behind you at a light. Move up one car length every time a car approaches and plan an escape in case you are about to get hit from behind.
Left turns: Position your vehicle when waiting to allow yourself and others to spot problems. Wait with your wheels straight before making a turn (not pointed in the direction you wish to go). Should a vehicle strike you from behind, you won’t be pushed into oncoming traffic.