A pre-trip investigation includes the driver playing out an exhaustive check of his or her vehicle, ensuring each part is acting as required. The motivation behind these every day vehicle examinations is to distinguish and report any imperfections on your business vehicle, and to help take vehicles with security worries that are probably going to prompt a crash or vehicle breakdown off the streets until the point when appropriate repairs are made.
Finding and tending to issues with legitimate pre-trip reviews can enable drivers to dodge expensive HTA infringement that can prompt high fines. Getting potential wellbeing issues early can likewise help decrease the length and recurrence your vehicle is out of administration for repairs.
Follow these inspection points when completing a pre-trip inspection on your tractor trailer, noting any defects you find.
Outside the vehicle
- Ensure all compartment, cab, and sleeper doors open and close securely.
- Check all cargo is properly secured with undamaged, unworn load covering and securement devices.
- Inspect coupling devices for loose or missing fasteners.
- Inspect exhaust system for leaks, including within the driver cab area.
- Ensure the fuel tank and fuel are secure and free of leaks.
- Identify any general vehicle damage or deterioration.
- Check mirrors and windows are free of cracks or damage and are properly secured.
- Ensure lamps and reflectors are undamaged and functioning properly.
- Inspect suspension system for air leaks, missing or broken fasteners or spring leaf.
- Check the tread and sidewall of tires for damage or wear. Ensure there are no flat tires or air leaks, no contact between tires and other vehicle components, and there are no exposed cords.
- Ensure wheel hubs and fasteners are secure, undamaged, and not leaking. Hub oil should be above the minimum level.
Inside the vehicle
- Inspect driver seat for damage, ensuring seat can be set and remain in proper position.
- Check that seat belt is secure and can be properly fastened.
- Ensure emergency equipment and safety devices are accessible and undamaged.
- Inspect the frame and cargo body for shifting, sagging, or other damage.
- Ensure heater/defroster is operating correctly.
- Check the vehicle’s horn is operating correctly.
- Check the air brake system, noting any air leaks, air pressure loss, or inoperational service, parking, or emergency brake.
- Ensure the parking brake is operative.
- Ensure driver controls including the accelerator, clutch, gauges, and indicators are functioning properly.
- Check headlights are operating, including: low beams, tail lamps, turn signals, and brake lamps.
- Inspect steering wheel, ensuring it is secure, functioning properly, and wheel lash is within normal range.