The Irish government has agreed to hold a referendum at the end of May on whether to reform the country’s near-total ban on abortion.
The vote will decide whether to repeal a constitutional amendment that effectively bans terminations.
Currently abortion is only allowed when a woman’s life is at risk, but not in cases of rape, incest or fatal foetal abnormality.
Prime Minister Leo Varadkar has said that he will campaign for reform.
The ballot will not be on specific terms of any new law, but on whether to retain or repeal article 40.3.3 of the constitution, known as the Eighth Amendment.
The amendment, which was approved by a 1983 referendum, “acknowledges the right to life of the unborn” – meaning the life of the woman and her unborn child are seen as equal.
Before the vote, the country’s health minister will draft legislation proposing unrestricted abortion access be made available to women up to 12 weeks, and in exceptional circumstances after.
An exact date for the referendum will be decided after it is debated in the Irish parliament.
Campaigners have long called for the laws to be changed, and last year a special cross-party parliamentary committee and citizens assembly both recommended repealing the amendment.
“I know this will be a difficult decision for the Irish people to make,” Mr Varadkar said.
“I know it is a very personal and private issue and for most of us it is not a black-and-white issue, it is one that is grey – the balance between the rights of a pregnant woman and the foetus or unborn.”
Mr Varadkar, the country’s former health minister, acknowledged that thousands of women in the country travelled every year for terminations or took pills ordered online at home.
He said the current law meant that abortions in Ireland were “unsafe, unregulated and illegal”.
“These journeys do not have to happen, and that can change, and that’s now in our hands,” he said.
In 2016, 3,265 women and girls gave Republic of Ireland addresses when accessing abortion services at clinics in England and Wales, according to UK Department of Health statistics.
The National Women’s Council of Ireland (NWCI) welcomed Monday’s announcement.
“Every pregnancy is different, every decision is deeply personal. Women and girls in Ireland deserve their dignity. They deserve the right to privacy, family and home,” said the group’s director Orla O’Connor.
Source : BBC